Kori Kuwadi: Balinese Traditional Door

BALI-DOOR

Introduction

Kori Kuwadi is a traditional Balinese doors that are relics of traditional Balinese architecture. In old days, Kori kuwadi is only owned by the Royal Family and the Brahmanas( Balinese Hinduism priest) and is usually placed on the building saka roras (12 poster building). Kori kuwadi but now mass produced and can be used in general public.

The Concept

Kori Kuwadi is a traditional Balinese door has two doors in one frame holes, namely at the bottom there is a wooden cross called dedanga. The ‘kori’ word comes from ancient Javanese language which means a door, while ‘kuwadi’ means hemisphere (mardiwarsito: 147.153). If interpreted by epistemology, the word ‘kuwadi’ means a hallway door that has a door that split into two parts.

Traditional Measurement

The kori kuwadi structural concept is divided into two parts and leaves the door jamb. Frame made of four logs, each of which has the form, function and meaning of different. The third component of the structure calls petitisadeg-adeg and as a united by dedanga, interconnected with each other to form one unit long square with the composition of the size, height doors with two and a half times the width of the door plus pengurip (tolerance standard building sizes Bali ) (Oka Saraswati , 2002:93). Simplified into (Height = 2.5 x Width+ pengurip). Pengurip magnitude ranges from 4 to 9 guli (traditional Balinese size; 1 guli = 3cm)

Material

Kori kuwadi existence can not be separated from the element of wood as the main ingredient, in Hasta Kosala Kosali Hasta Bhumi (Traditional Balinese Fengshui) (2000:14) stated that the timber is allowed to kori kuwadi material is kayu jati (teak wood), kayu nangka (jackfruit wood), kayu ‘taep’kayu sentul and kayu endep. The selection of wood as a material depends on the allocation of the door the door, especially for sacred buildings like (pura) temples,pamerajan and sanggahKayu endep is usually allocated to public buildings and housing.

Ornament

According to the traditional Balinese architecture (1985; 332) mentions that the ornaments that adorn the doors of a traditional Balinese stilized forms of floral and fauna adapted with application needs and available space. The types of ornaments include patra sari (floral motif), patra punggel (floral motif),patra china (chinese motif), patra ulanda (holland motif), karang sae (dog/fauna motif), karang tapel(balinese mask motif), karang asti (elephant motif), karang Boma (balinese deities motif) and several Balinese shadow puppet characters like Rama Shinta or Balinese deities.

More Details

Taken From:

Balika Ika,Wayan; 2007; Jurnal Ilmiah Warna: Perkembangan Estetika Kori Kuwadi, Denpasar, Fakultas Seni Rupa dan Desain ISI Denpasar.

Appendix:

Gelebet, 1985, Arsitektur Tradisional Daerah Bali, Denpasar: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Mardiwarsito, L. 1978, Kamus Jawa Kuno-Indonesia, Ende-Flores; Nusa Indah

Oka Saraswati, A.A.A, 2002, Pamesuan, Denpasar, Universitas Udayana

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