Introduction To Balinese Traditional Architecture

Traditional architecture in Bali originates from two sources. One is the great Hindu tradition brought to Bali from India via Java. The second is an indigenous architecture pre-dating the Hindu epic and in many ways reminiscent of Polynesian building. Even the Balinese temple, it has been noted, is surrounded by a stone wall dividing its sacred precincts from the village very much like Hawaiian and Tahitian places of worship.

Balinese temples are divided into three parts, one inevitably passes through a split gate or Candi Bentar to enter the first courtyard. Then a second gate rising high with the grinning face of a guardian demon leads to the second division. Inside there are numerous pavilions used for various purposes. In the final courtyard one may find the meru pagoda which may have as many as eleven roofs if the owner or temple is important enough. The black thatch is from the sugar palm and can only be used in temples. There will also stand numerous sanggah or spirit houses and pedestals which will be full of offerings on ritual days. Everywhere carving in brick, volcanic stone and wood will be apparent. All are ringed by walls. The Balinese have always spent a great deal of energy and money on their temples for it is the duty to repay the ancestors for the prosperity. Continue reading

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Traditional Balinese Color Philosophy: The Mother Earth’s Color Decoration (Part 2)

‘Pepulasan’: Color Decoration Techniques in Balinese Interior and Architecture

The importance of color for the Balinese, causing every religious activity and social community associated with color as a philosophy message. In the context of coloring for interior and architecture decoration, in the Balinese Traditional Architecture there are techniques decoration applied to the building called ‘pepulasan’ techniques.
Color decoration in Balinese architecture generally reveal the natural color, color derived from the materials origin color. To form ‘lelengisan’ (decoration without engraving) and ‘pepalihan’ (decorations which basic shape of Balinese ornament). The beauty of natural colors is a protrusion of the beauty of material origin color, texture and character. The grace and color harmony of natural stone types or wood type which is carved. Just as Ornaments of metal inlay on gold, silver, copper, brass, bronze, supported also by metal origin color. Continue reading

Balinese Traditional Color Philosophy : The Color of Life (Part 1)

Introduction

What do the colors means by the Balinese People? certainly the answer will variable, but in philosophy, in Bali the color becomes a necessity in symbolize the religion elements or ritual relationing to God. If the color associated with the arts, the art of the Balinese is the breath of life. The whole life of the Balinese can’t be separated with the arts.
This unique philosophy and ritual is very rich with artwork and symbolism, that make Hindu religion in Bali is different from the Hinduism origin in India . In Bali the mixing of various philosophies (such as Taoism, Confuciusism, Buddhism, Tantric, Animism, Dynamism, etc) make Balinese Hindu religion getting rich with the philosophy, implemented by an unique ritual manifestation. Associated with the use of color, The Balinese using colors as symbols in all religious ritual that held, this proves that the Balinese people reached high level of public awareness in art.
Many Balinese Hindu religious rituals or religious teaching is represented with an interesting implementation which using color as symbolism. So in Bali the color as a media/symbol to learning the philosophy of Balinese Hindu Religion.
The following example: Continue reading

Kori Kuwadi: Balinese Traditional Door

BALI-DOOR

Introduction

Kori Kuwadi is a traditional Balinese doors that are relics of traditional Balinese architecture. In old days, Kori kuwadi is only owned by the Royal Family and the Brahmanas( Balinese Hinduism priest) and is usually placed on the building saka roras (12 poster building). Kori kuwadi but now mass produced and can be used in general public.

The Concept

Kori Kuwadi is a traditional Balinese door has two doors in one frame holes, namely at the bottom there is a wooden cross called dedanga. The ‘kori’ word comes from ancient Javanese language which means a door, while ‘kuwadi’ means hemisphere (mardiwarsito: 147.153). If interpreted by epistemology, the word ‘kuwadi’ means a hallway door that has a door that split into two parts. Continue reading

Interior Villas in Bali

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A villa is basically a house where a family can spend their time together. In Bali however, a villa is a breath of nature for the family, for first time honeymooners, or individuals who want to re-encounter the self being. Most Villas in Bali take personal privacy into account, and this is at harmony with nature. The detailed concept of their respective architectures can be various, but privacy and luxury play an important role in the basic concept of many villas. Luxurious, sometimes superbly luxurious, the architecture of many villas in Bali is breathing in the rhythm of space that plays on the silence of the surrounds and fits effortlessly and discreetly into the small community. Continue reading